About the Plan4Health Program
Tennessee's Plan4Health grant was used to create a collaboration between public health and planners
In December 2016, the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH), the Nashville Civic Design Center (NCDC), and the Tennessee Chapter of the American Planning Association (TAPA) represented Tennessee as one of 28 states to receive funds from the American Planning Association’s Planners4Health grant. These innovative funds were awarded to further build capacity to address population health goals and promote the inclusion of health in non-traditional sectors. TDH, NCDC, and TAPA spent the next nine months pursuing this health integration. Particular emphasis was placed on identifying gaps in healthy infrastructure resources, while institutionalizing health and planning in Tennessee through the onboarding and support of seven new positions in the State’s department of health.
Work kicked off by assessing Tennessee’s existing health promoting planning efforts, through the curation of 60 healthy infrastructure case studies. These studies outlined successful projects, master plans, and partnerships promoting health in their respective community. Each study was in turn highlighted as a best practice on the Tennessee Department of Health’s Healthy Places website. Comprising the second portion of the assessment phase, Healthy Places is an information hub for all things health and built environment. Contained throughout the website are educational tools and resources, contacts for potential partner organizations and projects, along with grants that promote health in diverse contexts.
Covington's Courthouse Square in Tipton County was used an example of a successful case study
Following the assessment phase, two crucial resources were created to provide best practices and incentives around future health promoting infrastructure projects. The first, the Healthy Transect Design info sheets, are a series of four trifolds covering the rural, suburban, urban/main street, and center/district transects. Each sheet includes a definition and description of health promoting community design features, case studies, and suggested policies to institutionalize suggested designs. Supporting those info sheets is the Health Promoting Design: Healthy Infrastructure ROI Toolkit. The toolkit outlines the financial benefits of a health promoting built environment, by outlining general financial returns a municipality could expect. The ROI toolkit breaks returns into the categories of walkability, active transportation, bicycling and bike tourism, parks and greenspace, streets and roads, and trails. Collectively, these two resources offer guidelines towards building healthier communities, while outlining expected positive returns.
An example of the Healthy Transect Design info sheet
In seeking to implement these resources, NCDC commissioned three graduate students from the University of Tennessee Knoxville and Auburn University to develop conceptual renderings for a community park. The park, owned by a local church, is located within one of the fasted developing neighborhoods of Nashville. Despite regular offers from developers on the half acre park, the church maintains a commitment to keep its land as open and accessible public greenspace. The renderings were developed in partnership with church leadership, and thanks to Planners4Health, were offered to the church at no cost. The final renderings are now being utilized to leverage funding towards renovating the entirety of the park.
In effort to institutionalize a healthy community framework, the core grant activities coalesced around implementing the orientation, training, and on-going support of TDH’s Healthy Development Coordinators (HDC). A new position within TDH, the HDCs act as liaison between the health and planning worlds, facilitating cross-sector partnerships while advocating and supporting healthy infrastructure projects within their respective regions. Using Planners4Health funds, a three-day training was developed in Manchester, TN that covered basic elements of health, planning, and community engagement. Throughout this original training, over 20 speakers representing different state, regional, and local organizations presented and co-trained the HDCs. The presence of so many groups led to strengthened relationships, and development of new partnerships across the state.
Healthy Development Coordinators are stationed across Tennessee.
By necessity of their role, the HDCs are expected to work with both health and non-health actors at all levels. To support the educational needs of engaging diverse fields, Planners4Health funds were utilized to assist in on-going support, including the hosting of monthly educational webinars. Each webinar revolves around a different topic chosen by the HDCs, including food systems, historic preservation, and placemaking. In total, eight webinars have been scheduled and are open to the public. Each also contains presentations by content experts that often work outside a traditional public health or planning role.
The goal for these HDCs is to be established, on the ground staff, supporting and facilitating health promoting projects across Tennessee. With the authority of the state health department, the HDCs are uniquely positions to capitalize upon existing relationships, develop new ones, and identify avenues towards closing health and equity gaps across Tennessee. Our hope is to create a new model of health and planning advocates, that can be replicated elsewhere to strengthen the awareness of the built environment’s effects on public health.
Healthy Development Coordinators have successfully worked on dozens of projects across the state
To assist with undertaking this ambitious scope of work, a 19 member interdisciplinary task force was assembled to provide ongoing project guidance and support. Taskforce members represented all levels of health, planning, and community development across the state, and convened regularly for monthly check ins. These members collectively comprise decades of collaboration and partnerships, which aided in the supportive network that carried Planners4Health in TN. Throughout the duration of the grant timeline, dozens of organizations, some completely new to planning and health, were brought into the grant activities.
Through Planners4health, support and training was provided to the entire taskforce in the form of regular webinars, monthly cohort check ins, registration and training during both APA’s Annual Conference and Advocacy & Policy Conference, and general ongoing logistics assistance as needed. If it wasn’t for the strong team at APA, and their commitment to shaping healthier communities, Tennessee wouldn’t have experienced the level of success that was achieved.
Learn more about Tennessee Department of Health grant opportunities